Questions with detailed step by step solutions from States of Matter: Solids, Liquids and Gases
Topics covered under States of Matter: Solids, Liquids and Gases
Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states. Gaseous State: Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws - Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure; Concept of Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation, Kinetic theory of gases; Concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities; Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor, van der Waals equation, liquefaction of gases, critical constants. Liquid State: Properties of liquids - vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them. Solid State: Classification of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids; Bragg’s Law and its applications; Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.
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