# Questions with detailed step by step solutions from Atomic Structure

##### Topics covered under Atomic Structure

Discovery of sub-atomic particles (electron, proton and neutron); Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model; Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle.
Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features, concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions; Variation of Ψ and Ψ2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p and d - orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; Rules for filling electrons in orbitals - aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

Atoms and MoleculesÂ
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Atomic Number and Mass Number
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Atomic Mass and Molecular Mass
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Dalton's Atomic Theory
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Earlier Models of Atom
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Development Leading to Bohr's Model of Atom
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Bohr's Model of Atom
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Emission and Absorption Spectra
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Shapes of Atomic Orbitals
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Developments Leading to Quantum or Wave Mechanical Model of Atom
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Quantum Numbers
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Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom
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Energy Level Diagrams and Filling of Orbitals in Atoms
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